Learning More About Causes of Infertility

If you are thinking about the causes of infertility, you should know that you’re not the only one.

About 10%-15% of the couples have problems of this kind. Infertility can be defined as not being able to get pregnant even if you had unprotected and frequent sex during the last year.

Information about infertility causes

In order for a woman to get pregnant there is need for ovulation and fertilization to work right. In case of some couples, some part of this process goes wrong and they get faced with infertility. Infertility can affect one or both of the partners. In 33% of the cases, the problem involves only your partner.

Causes of InfertilityWhen it comes to infertility causes in 33% of the cases the woman has a problem and in the remaining 34% of the cases both of the partners have problems with infertility.

There are many causes for a woman to experience infertility.

Fallopian tube blockage or damage

This one of the causes of infertility results from an inflammation of the fallopian tube. In the majority of the cases the problem is caused by chlamydia which is a sexually transmitted disease or STD.

In this case women have the option to get pregnant with the help of ART or assisted reproductive technology.


Endometriosis is another common one of the infertility causes that happens when the tissue of the uterus is growing and gets implanted outside the uterus. In many cases this problem affects the function of the egg, sperm, ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus.

Ovulation disorders

The main problem with this one of the causes of infertility is that it stops the ovary from releasing an egg which is also known as anovulation. Usually there is an underlying cause, like tumors, injury, starvation or excessive exercise. Even more, there are also some medications that could lead to problems of this kind.

Elevated prolactin

This one of the infertility causes is also known as hyperprolactinemia and it refers to the hormone that makes the breasts produce milk. The high levels in those women who aren’t pregnant and aren’t breastfeeding could interfere with ovulation.

Polycystic ovary syndrome

The PCOS is another one of the causes of infertility. In this case the body is producing too much androgen, a hormone, which leads to ovulation disorders. There are several different conditions that PCOS is associated with, such as obesity and insulin resistance.

Early menopause

Just as the name suggests, this one of the infertility causes means that the woman in question doesn’t have periods and the ovarian follicles are depleted at an early stage, before the age of 40. Usually the exact cause of the problem is unknown. In this case as well, there are some conditions connected to early menopause, like radiation, immune system diseases, smoking and chemotherapy treatment.

Uterine fibroids

These are known as benign tumors and this one of the causes of infertility refers to growths in the walls of the uterus that are more common in case of women in the 30s and 40s. Not often do they cause infertility, in case they block the fallopian tubes. It is also possible for the tumors to interfere with the implantation of the egg.

Pelvic adhesions

When it comes to infertility causes, women should also think about the bands of tissue that bind to different organs after being affected by appendicitis, pelvic infection or after undergoing pelvic or abdominal surgeries. This tissue could lead to infertility.

As you can see, there are numerous causes of infertility and there are some other conditions and procedures as well that could lead to infertility.


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