It is a known fact that women change quite a lot during their pregnancy and the culprits of this are considered to be the hormone levels during pregnancy.
Women can expect to experience physical and psychological changes and these may be greater changes than they expected at the beginning.
HCG and the levels of pregnancy hormones
HCG actually stands for human chorionic gonadotropin and this is the pregnancy hormone that women get in contact with at the earliest stage. It is referred to as the announcer of pregnancy because this is the hormone that is picked up by the urine and blood pregnancy tests.
If you have a normal pregnancy, these pregnancy hormone levels get doubled every two days in the first 10 weeks.
The main point of the hormone is to make sure that estrogen and progesterone have the levels that they are supposed to have. Once the placenta develops, it takes over this function.
Pregnant women experience the side effects of the hormone levels during pregnancy very fast and it all starts with having a more sensitive bladder.
Because of the hormone, the blood supply of the bladder increases and because of this it wants to clear out even the smallest amount of urine.
The good news regarding the levels of pregnancy hormones is that this symptom usually gets better during the second trimester, but it returns to haunt you during the third trimester. There are some other symptoms as well that hCG can be associated with as well, such as nausea and vomiting.
The different pregnancy hormone levels cause one of the most well-known symptoms of pregnancy: morning sickness. The name of the symptom is somewhat misleading because the problems that women experience could start in the morning and they could last until the evening or even night.
The morning sickness caused by the fluctuating hormone levels during pregnancy gets the worst during the 8th-10th weeks because this is the time when the hormone levels have their peak and as the second trimester begins the symptoms should get better, since the hormone levels are falling.
Progesterone and estrogen
When it comes to the levels of pregnancy hormones the specialists still aren’t certain which hormone causes what, but it is a known fact that they are responsible for many different symptoms of the pregnancy symptoms.
Breast soreness and sensitivity
Women thinking about pregnancy hormone levels should really consider these symptoms. In the majority of the cases, it appears during the first trimester of pregnancy, and since the hormone levels drop during the second trimester, it is just natural that the symptoms also get better.
Sense of smell
Although this isn’t the first symptom that pops into the mind of people regarding hormone levels during pregnancy, it is also caused by the rising levels of hormones. It is common for women to be overwhelmed by certain smells that they liked before, and this could contribute to nausea and vomiting.
According to the specialists, this symptom is caused by the progesterone levels of pregnancy hormone. The effect of this hormone is similar to the effects of the sleeping pills. This is the reason for which pregnant women could be affected by drowsiness and complete exhaustion.
One of the effects of pregnancy hormone levels is to stop the contractions of the uterus and so it becomes possible for the baby to grow and develop. Still the hormone doesn’t only affect the uterus, but also the other muscles of the body, making them smoother. As a result women can be affected by acid reflux and heartburn, mostly as the pregnancy progresses.