Morning sickness refers to a health condition that usually occurs in the pregnant woman, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy.
With this condition, you feel nauseated, with or without vomiting, upon rising in the morning. It can occur at any time.
Morning sickness is also known as pregnancy sickness or nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). It is found that 50-95 % of all pregnant women come across this condition.
Morning sickness generally occurs in the fourth week after conception and get worse as weeks pass. The condition where the morning sickness gets worse is known as hyperemesis gravidarum. It is found that hyperemesis gravidarum occurs in one out of every two-fifty pregnant woman.
You may feel relief from the condition by around third month of your pregnancy. In some cases, it can last up to second trimester.
Morning sickness may occur due to hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy. The feelings of nausea and vomiting can result when the hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) rises in the body.
HCG is a special hormone that is produced during pregnancy. This condition may also occur with the rise in other hormones of the body.
Morning sickness may also occur due to decreased blood sugar levels by not eating or by eating the wrong foods, sensitive gastrointestinal tract, vitamin B deficiency, strong odors and stretching of the uterine muscles.
On the other hand, morning sickness is also accompanied by signs such as headaches, back pains, excessive salivation, frequent urination, constipation, lower abdominal cramps, darkening of areola (nipple), fatigue, drowsy, food cravings, increased sense of smell, and swollen or tender breasts.
Remember that morning sickness will not harm your baby. It is a good sign indicating that the fetus is developing well. It can become problem only when the ability to keep foods or fluids down and starts losing much of your weight.
Currently you have no medication available for morning sickness. However, you have several home remedies to control the morning sickness. For this, it is essential to gain positive attitude.
- Eat crackers or dry toast in the morning when you first wake up.
- Have a small meal for about 4-6 times a day and minimize fluids consumption with meals rather drink small amounts of fluids (juices, milk, etc) frequently between meals and try not to keep your stomach empty to maintain the blood sugar levels constant.
- Maintain a balance diet rich in vitamin B6, protein, and carbohydrates (beans, fruits, vegetables, grains, dairy products, and nuts).
- Avoid foods high in salt and fat.
- Increase ginger products such as ginger soda, ginger tea, because ginger is effective in controlling morning sickness.
- Get sufficient sleep and body relaxation.
On the other hand, consult your gynecologist if morning sickness does not control with the home remedies, lose weight suddenly, vomit severely, and if the condition continues to the fourth month of pregnancy (although it is common in some women).
In any of these cases, your doctor prescribes antihistamine depending on your health condition.