Every woman undergoes the physiological and hormonal changes in their lives during pregnancy, some of which can affect their dental issues. Individuals and even some health care providers are unaware of risk factors and preventive approaches for many oral diseases, and they do not fully appreciate how oral health affects the overall health and well-being.Research shows that more than one in two women will develop gum problems during pregnancy. Progesterone and estrogens levels increases during pregnancy, because of these hormonal changes, gums soften and bleed leaving you more susceptible to gum diseases, sensitivity, and other tooth problems.
Common Dental Conditions Faced during Pregnancy
During pregnancy your blood flow increases by 30-40%, increasing blood flow to your gums that can cause gum problems. Many pregnant women suffer from pregnancy gingivitis, gum diseases, and sensitivity. When it is left untreated it could affect both mother and baby. To help minimize any risk during pregnancy, here are some general advice and some common conditions.
1. Gum Diseases:
A Bacterial infection that breaks down gum tissue and can cause tooth loss and serious health problems. During pregnancy teeth and gums need special attention. Regular tooth brushing twice daily, flossing once daily, eating a balanced diet and visiting the dentist regularly will help reduces dental problems that accompany pregnancy.
- Types of Gum Diseases
Gingivitis: Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease which causes the gums to become swollen, red and they bleed easily.
Periodontitis: An inflammatory disease that affects gum tissues and interferes with other systems of the body.
- Home Remedies for Gum Diseases:
Take one teaspoon of baking soda, mix 3% hydrogen peroxide to make a paste, put the paste on your toothbrush, and gently brush it on your gums and gum lines. Finally, spit it out and rinse your mouth. Use it for few weeks.
2. Enamel erosion:
For some women, morning sickness is a major symptom of pregnancy. Allowing with nausea comes additional acid that, if left in your mouth, can erode your teeth. Be sure to rinse your mouth out with water or with a fluoride mouthwash to keep the acid level under control.
3. Dry Mouth:
Pregnancy dry mouth can lead to many infections, tooth decay, and other dental issues. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and chew sugarless gum to enhance saliva production.
Dental Care or Dental Tips for pregnant women
- Brush with fluoride toothpaste for at least two minutes, twice a day which will help you to maintain healthy teeth.
- Floss every day
- Choose nutritious foods that are low in sugar, like raw fruits, vegetables, yogurt, and cheese.
- Visit your dentist; routine dental visits are safe during pregnancy.
- Drink lots of water with fluoride.
- Avoid self-medication on your own for dental pain; this could affect your child.
- Pregnant women who experience morning sickness with vomiting or acid reflux are at the high risk of tooth erosion.
- Smoking while pregnant is not good for you or your unborn baby and can lead to gum diseases.
- Consume saliva production foods, such as tart or sour foods including cherries, lemons, limes, and cranberries can help your body fight bacteria in your mouth.
- Eat hard, crunchy foods, such as carrots and apples can clean your teeth naturally.
- Vitamin D, most of which we get from the sun’s rays. Helps us absorb the calcium in our body.