It is normal for babies in the womb to move into delivery position a few weeks before birth. This is normally characterized by movement of the head towards or near the birth canal.
However, in some occasions, this does not occur and the baby’s head is usually furthest from the delivery canal meaning that the feet or buttocks will be delivered first. This is known as breech presentation or delivery which occurs in approximately one out of every 25 full term pregnancies. Fortunately, there may be a solution to this problem.
Learning how to turn a breech baby can help position the baby into the normal delivery position of head first.
Most breech babies are born healthy but may experience some complications or defects therefore the need to learn the various ways of turning a breech baby.
Different methods on how to turn a breech baby
There are two main techniques that you can use to turn your breech baby: medical techniques and natural techniques.
- Breech tilt technique is one of the commonly used natural techniques. This technique is very simple and involves raising your hips about 30 cm from the floor with the help of pillows below your hips. This should be done at least for ten to fifteen minutes three times daily. This method encourages the baby inside the womb to leave the pelvis and flip into the normal head delivery. Proper execution of this technique can easily help you learn how to turn a breech baby.
- Music played near the pubic bone or lower abdomen also encourages the baby to move into position. It’s natural for babies inside the womb to hear sounds outside the womb.
- External version is also one of the common methods of turning a breech baby. This is a non-surgical technique in which a qualified doctor helps move the baby within the uterus. An ultrasound scan may be performed first to check the exact position of the baby, the location of the placenta and the amount of amniotic fluid inside the uterus. Gentle pushing of the lower abdomen can help move the baby into the head-down position. The baby’s heart beat rate is constantly monitored to check for any problems.
- The Webster breech technique is perhaps one of the most successful techniques on how to turn a breech baby. This method involves relaxation of the uterus and the surrounding muscles through release of stress on the pelvis. A relaxed uterus makes it easy for the baby to naturally move into the normal position of delivery.
The best and recommended time to turn a breech baby is between 32 and 37 weeks of pregnancy. The exact cause of breech presentation before birth is not yet known. However some risk factors may increase the chance of a breech presentation. Some of them include multiple pregnancies, subsequent pregnancies, a history of premature delivery, presence of excess or little amniotic fluid, placenta and uterus complications.
Knowing the real cause of a breech presentation helps you choose the right procedure for turning a breech baby. Be informed that not all procedures on how to turn a breech baby are recommended for everyone. First consult your doctor before using any of the techniques above.