What Is Fertilization – Explaining the Process

Usually those people think about what is fertilization who would like to have a baby. While this is something that happens naturally, it could still give some headache to the couples that just don’t seem to be able to get things right. In this case they have to gather some information about the matter.

Information about fertilization process

When thinking about getting pregnant you should know that one of the most important things that you have to consider is timing. The egg has a fertile window of 18-24 hours after its release. This means that sperm must be present in the fallopian tubes in the moment when the egg is released.

What Is Fertilization Regarding the fertile window it is good to know that the sperm is able to survive for 3-5 days in the reproductive track of women. According to this the chances of getting pregnant are very small unless you have intercourse before or during your fertile period.

Sperm and cervical mucus

When you have intercourse there are millions of sperms released into the reproductive tract. When ovulation approaches, the cervical mucus becomes watery, making it easier for sperm to travel towards the fallopian tubes. Only 2,000 sperms are able to reach the uterus and the fallopian tubes.

If you are interested in what is fertilization, keep in mind that for the fertilization to take place, one of the sperms has to attach itself to the egg and to penetrate it. Once the egg is fertilized, it will travel in the fallopian tube in the end reaching the uterus of women. The journey lasts for several days.

Getting pregnant

Knowing the fertilization mechanism, we can say that a woman is pregnant only after the fertilized egg travels to the uterus and it gets embedded into the lining of the uterus. This is when the body starts producing the pregnancy hormones and in some cases women also see some spotting.

One of the pregnancy hormones released after the mechanism of fertilization is complete is hCG and this is the hormone that makes the ovaries produce progesterone. In the same time this is the hormone that is used in case of the pregnancy tests. Progesterone is produced until the end of the pregnancy.

Not getting pregnant

In case the process of fertilization doesn’t take place, the egg will travel to the uterus and the progesterone and estrogen levels will drop. Because of the lack of the hormones the lining of the uterus will shed. This, along with the unfertilized egg is released through the vagina. This is the menstrual period.

Sperm production

In the fertilization system the sperm also plays a key role. For the process to take place, the man has to have a normal number of actively moving sperm. It may be a good idea for your partner to stop masturbating for a few days before you have intercourse.

Now you know more about the process of fertilization. Also keep in mind that both of the partners have to be healthy.


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