Abortion is an intentional termination of pregnancy before the fetus develops outside the uterus.
The abortion procedure depends on the trimester of your pregnancy. Abortion procedure is of two types: Medical and Surgical (Types of Abortions).
The abortion that is done using medications is known as medical abortion. It works effectively within nine weeks of pregnancy [Abortion Pill for pregnancy termination].
On the other hand, the termination of pregnancy using surgical methods is known as surgical abortion. This abortion procedure can be used at first and second trimester of pregnancy. This type of abortion can be done in several ways.
Suction aspiration is also known as suction curettage or vacuum aspiration. It is a surgical abortion procedure that is generally preferred to empty the uterus during the first 6-12 weeks of pregnancy.
This surgical abortion procedure empties the uterus contents by applying suction through a cannula, which can be placed into the uterus via the cervix. Although this type of abortion takes only 10-15 minutes, recovery from the condition can take long time.
With this type of abortion procedure, you can experience nausea, cramping, sweating, and dizziness.
Remember that during second trimester, suction aspiration cannot provide effective results to end your pregnancy. Dilation and Curettage (D&C), Dilation and Evacuation (D&E), and Induction Abortion are surgical abortion procedures used during the second trimester of pregnancy.
Dilation And Curettage is another surgical abortion procedure preferred during 12-15 weeks of pregnancy. In this abortion procedure, the cervix is dilated and a curettage ending with a sharp loop is inserted into the uterus.
The curettage will scrap in the walls of the uterus. Thus, it removes the embryo out of the uterus through suction. This abortion procedure takes only 10 minutes with a stay of minimum five hours. You can experience nausea, cramping and dizziness with this surgical abortion.
Dilation and evacuation is another surgical abortion performed during 15-21 weeks of pregnancy. It is a rare abortion procedure, but is very effective abortion method in the second trimester of pregnancy.
In this surgical abortion, laminaria or a synthetic dilator is inserted into the cervix to dilate it for one day. Next day, the procedure begins by inserting the cannula to remove the tissue from the uterus. Then, curettage is inserted to remove large parts of the fetus from the uterus.
Finally, suction is used to ensure that the content of the uterus is removed completely. This type of abortion normally takes a minimum of 30 minutes.
With this surgical abortion, you can experience nausea, bleeding and cramping for more than two weeks.
Induction abortion is a rare surgical abortion procedure where salt water, urea, or potassium chloride is used for uterine contractions and to terminate pregnancy. It is generally preferred in third trimester of pregnancy.
During this abortion procedure, prostaglandins will be inserted into the vagina and an injection called pitocin will be given intravenously.
Laminaria is inserted into cervix for dilation and cannula is used to remove the fetus from the uterus. With this surgical abortion, you can experience excessive bleeding and cramping.
It is important to know about the different types of surgical abortions to select which one is suitable for you.