An abortion refers to the stopping of a pregnancy.
This is a serious decision that women have to make and they have to consider the different types of abortion procedures.
Based on the gestational age, women have different possibilities. Naturally they have the most options during early pregnancy.
Information about abortions procedure types
If the abortion is performed prior to the 9th week of pregnancy, women can choose between medical and surgical abortions. The surgical abortion is a surgical procedure while the medical abortion is performed using drugs that induce abortion.
Between weeks 9 and 14 the types of procedures of abortion include the surgical ones, such as D&C. This means dilation and curettage. During this procedure the cervix is dilated and the doctor uses gentle suction to remove the pregnancy tissue. Women experience some discomfort because of the procedure.
After the 14th week of pregnancy the types of abortion procedures only include D&E or dilation and evacuation. If you are already in the 20th week of pregnancy there is need for labor induction, saline infusion, prostaglandin induction, dilation and extraction or hysterectomy.
The good news about the procedures of abortion is that in the majority of the cases they are performed on an outpatient basis. This means that women don’t need hospital stay after the procedure. Usually the patients receive anesthesia and sometimes there is also need for sedation.
Medical types of abortion procedures
This kind of procedure refers to the abortion that is caused by medication used to induce the abortion. The doctors can use different kinds of pills. It is possible that women will have to take only one pill or series of pills. The success rate in this case is of about 75%-95%.
When thinking about the methods of abortion you should know that the failure rate is of 2%-4% and in this case there will be need for surgical abortion. It is also possible to have an incomplete abortion. This means that not all the pregnancy tissue is evacuated and so there is need for surgery to take it out.
The women who choose these types of abortion procedures usually are more satisfied by their decision. They also say that if they needed to have another abortion they would choose the same course of action. The truth is that there is still need for research to find out which kind of medication is the best.
The good thing about these abortion methods is that the patients can be sure that their cervix won’t be injured by the instruments used during the abortion. However, the women who choose this method must have access to a doctor who can perform a medical abortion if it is needed. After the abortion is done it is normal to see bleeding, something like a heavy period.
There are several different types of abortion procedures and you should choose the one that is the most suitable for you after having a discussion with your doctor. You also need a green light from your health care provider.