Hemorrhoids or anal fissures cause rectal bleeding during pregnancy. If you notice blood in your stools, or in the toilet bowl or on the tissue, you can conclude that you are having rectal bleeding.
There is no need to hit the panic button or race to your caregiver, although you should inform the caregiver about the incident. Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels, present in the anal area, that rupture at the slightest trauma.
This is caused by passing hard stools or wiping hard. Anal fissures are cracks in the anal region, caused by passing hard stools. Hard stools are the result of constipation, a common problem during pregnancy.
Measures to take
A little care can help you avoid rectal bleeding. Modify your diet so that the incidence of constipation is reduced. Include a lot of dietary fiber like whole grains, cereals, fresh vegetables and fruits. Drink 7-8 glasses of water every day; include a glass of fresh juice. Prune juice is beneficial in rectal bleeding when pregnant.
Include light exercise in your daily routine. Do not resist the urge to go the bathroom. Iron induces constipation in some women, and you can ask your caregiver to recommend a supplement with less iron. An over the counter dietary fiber powder, recommended by the caregiver can help ease the situation.
Cold compresses followed by warm sit baths can help ease the discomfort. You can ask the caregiver for a topical anesthetic if the pain is bad. Wipe gently to avoid bleeding from hemorrhoids. Witch hazel in the cold compress is very soothing. Use soft white tissues that are not scented.
You may even moisten the tissue before using or opt for moist wipes soaked in witch hazel. Regular Kegel exercise will help strengthen the anal muscles and help with post partum health of the vagina. To perform them, tighten the muscles around your vagina and anus and hold for 6-8 seconds. Relax and repeat 25 times daily for good results.