Amniotic fluid is a vital part of the babyâ€™s life support system and it protects the baby. This fluid also helps in development of the limbs, muscles, lungs and the digestive system of the baby and is thus very important. This fluid starts getting produced 12 days after conception and is made up of water which is provided by the mother. In some cases, the mother might produce too much of amniotic fluid and this condition in which a person experiences high amniotic fluid levels is called polyhydramnios. There are many ways to treat this condition and the following are some of the effective ways:
In many cases, where the pregnancy is regular monitored and frequent sonograms are done to measure the growth and do fetal assessment, the condition of elevated amniotic fluid can be reduced easily and thus no real complications may take place but if not, then the following given treatment ways can be used:
- Since in this condition, an increase of amniotic fluid beyond favorable levels takes place, medication which reduces the production of fluid can be given. These medications are about 90% effective but it cannot be used after 32 weeks gestation because certain complications might take place.
- The process through which excess of fluids can be drained out is known as amnioreduction. This method is another way to treat or cure the high levels of amniotic fluids and is done through amniocentesis. But the downside of this treatment is the fact that it has certain risks associated with it. Moreover, there are chances that fluid will build back again after the process has been completed.
- Another way to treat the condition of polyhydramnios is the delivery of the baby.
Hereâ€™s a look at some of the causes of elevated levels of amniotic fluid:
- Congenital defects: the chances of congenital defects may be increased with the increase in the fluid levels and these birth defects can create a problem in swallowing etc.
- Maternal diabetes: experts have found a relation between a maternal diabetes and occurrence of too much amniotic fluid.
- Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome: this is a syndrome which may affect identical twin pregnancies and happens when one of the two babies gets too much blood flow and the other gets much lesser amount.
- Unknown reasons: most cases of increased levels of amniotic fluids occur due to unknown reasons.