Pregnancy is the most fantastic period in the life of a woman.
It requires a special care that ensures a safe pregnancy with healthy development of the unborn baby from conception to childbirth [Things to consider before planning pregnancy].
Taking a healthy diet is very essential for you and your unborn baby during pregnancy.
However, some foods contain harmful bacteria and parasites that harm you and your unborn baby.
Maintaining a healthy pregnancy is the key to protect you and your unborn baby from food poisoning.
Listeria monocytogenes (Listeria) is a bacterium found mostly in cheese, un-pasteurized dairy products, and instant or raw meat, chicken, or fish. The bacteria also develop in frozen foods.
This bacteria, when enters your body, causes flu-like symptoms that can be mild or severe. The bacteria in your body can also pass to your unborn child.
Thus, the infection of the fetus leads to premature baby, birth defects, miscarriage, and blood poisoning. The bacteria (Listeria) can be easily treated with antibiotics.
Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a parasite that is found in contaminated or impure food, water. It is also found in dust and soil. The disease caused by T. gondii is known as toxoplasmosis.
You can get this disease from having undercooked or raw meat and poultry, unhygienic fruits and vegetables, or using contaminated soil.
Toxoplasmosis is generally asymptomatic. In some cases, it causes flu-like symptoms in you during pregnancy. This disease can pass easily to the unborn baby and can result in miscarriage and retardation.
It is found that there is a 30-40 percent chance of passing this disease to the unborn baby. Toxoplasmosis effects in the unborn baby can be treated with antibiotics.
Remember that being infected with listeria monocytogenes or toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy, you cannot develop symptoms, but your unborn baby can result in serious conditions.
On the other hand, it is easy to protect your unborn baby from these conditions with food safety during pregnancy. Following food safety during pregnancy can keep your unborn baby away from food-related diseases such as listeriosis and toxoplasmosis.
For this, you need to be clean all the time. Wash your hands using hot, soapy water and keep your surrounding clean and tidy. It is good to eat cooked food and that too at suitable temperatures.
Eat instant foods only when they are reheated thoroughly. Chill the food properly at right temperatures and avoid cross-contaminate.
In order to have a safe pregnancy, it is very essential to have foods until they are heated thoroughly. Avoid un-pasteurized foods, unhygienic fruits and vegetables and raw foods such as raw eggs, meat, poultry, and fish [Healthy diet for fit pregnancy].
Also avoid cleaning the cat litter box. On the other hand, you can do it on daily basis, as the feces of the cat become infectious when it is left for two days.
It is also good to stay away from gardening until your pregnancy because using the soil for garden purpose or breathing the soil dust can result in diseases such as toxoplasmosis, which can harm you and your unborn baby during pregnancy.
You should also avoid parsley & celery as these are sometimes used to encourage menstruation. When you are pregnant, this translates to premature labor or miscarriage/abortion.