The IUI procedure means intrauterine insemination and the main point is that the doctor places the sperm into the uterus of the woman to make insemination easier.
During the procedure the egg isnâ€™t manipulated and this is why it isnâ€™t considered to be an ART.
What is the procedure of IUI?
The main point of the procedure is to take the washed sperm of the male donor, add it to a catheter, and using this, transport it into the uterus of the woman. This way there is more sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and thus the chances of getting pregnant increase considerably.
When is the procedure used?
The procedure of IUI is a kind of fertility treatment offered to couples who have been trying to have a baby for at least one year and who donâ€™t know the reason for which they donâ€™t succeed.
Couples could receive IUI even in case of low sperm count, sperm donor need or decreased sperm mobility.
Women could have IUI procedure if there is a kind of sexual dysfunction or if she is affected by a hostile cervical condition like thick cervical mucus.
Since the procedure requires sperm that needs to reach the egg and fertilize it, doctors have to make sure that the sperm is mobile and healthy.
How does the procedure of IUI work?
The advantage of the procedure is that it is a simple one that could work even in case the woman didnâ€™t receive any fertility medication. Nonetheless the majority of the specialists encourage woman to take medication of this kind to stimulate the ovaries and have an increased egg production.
In case of the IUI procedure it is important to monitor the folliclesâ€™ size and this is done with the help of an ultrasound. For the ovary of the woman to release the egg, she receives hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) that acts in about 34-40 hours.
The semen sample offered for the procedure of IUI is processed in a laboratory to separate the seminal fluid from the sperm. Then the doctor uses a catheter to insert the sperm right into the uterus of the woman.
This way the uterus receives the maximal number of sperm and so the chances of conception increase.
The best thing about the IUI procedure is that the procedure itself takes quite little time and represents a minor discomfort for the woman receiving.
After this all the patient needs to do is to keep an eye out for the first signs of pregnancy to make sure that the procedure was effective.
How successful is the procedure?
This may be the most important question when it comes to the procedure of IUI. The truth is that the women under the age of 35 have higher chances of conception than the women over this age. On average the success rate is of about 10%-20% per cycle.
Just as in any other case of artificial insemination, in case of the IUI procedure the most important factors are the health of the sperm and of the egg of the woman and of the male donor. This is why before trying this procedure people usually make sure that these are of high quality.
The couples who would like to have the procedure of IUI usually are offered three cycles. According to the specialists in case these donâ€™t offer the desired results, it may be useless to go on with the procedure, because the chances of success decrease.
You may see that there are different kinds of factors that influence the success of the IUI procedure and these factors need to be taken into consideration.